Accidents happen — OSHA regulations are established to help prevent them, but you should know how to administer first aid in the event of a worksite accident resulting in injury. Each and every injury comes with its own unique problems. Before administering first aid, you should be sure you're adequately prepared. The tips below can serve as a guideline if you ever find an injured coworker.
Keep the injured person lying down with their head level to their body. Immediately identify if they have one of these conditions:
- Vomiting — position them on their side or on their back with their head turned.
- Bleeding around the mouth — they might require professional care due to possible internal injury.
- Difficulty breathing — place them in a seated position.
- Shock — put them on their back with their legs elevated from 6 to 12 inches above the ground.
Next, you should be sure not to move the injured person more than absolutely necessary. When transporting, carry them feet-first to enable the other bearer see if they have any other conditions.
Loosen any restrictive clothing at the neck, waist or wherever it binds to get a better idea of the extent of the damage. Keep them as comfortable as possible and always inform them of what you're doing and why so they don't panic. Respect their modesty.
Reassure them that you understand their injuries and that professional medics will be arriving shortly so they can tolerate pain better psychologically.
Don't touch open wounds or burns to reduce potential infection risks. Always place something (plastic wrap, gloves or a clean cloth) between you and any bodily fluids. Wash your hands directly afterwards.
Don't give them food or water because it might cause nausea/vomiting and could interfere with possible surgery.
Apply a splint if you suspect any bones to be broken, sprained or dislocated from the joint. Do this in the position you found them in and don't try to straighten them.
Protecting employees and ensuring a safe working environment is our top priority. Reach out to Safety Advantage LLC for help developing an accident prevention plan.